Research

Occupational Licensing and Skills Mismatches

1. Introduction Over the past decade a number of studies have highlighted the expansion of occupational licensing (“licensing” in the rest of the paper) across several occupations (Kleiner, 2006; Bryson and Kleiner, 2019) discussing, among others, its effects on labor supply, wages, mobility, and the prices of the services provided (White House, 2015; Gittleman and […]

Police Trust and Domestic Violence among Immigrants: Evidence from VAWA Self- Petitions

“All people in the U.S. (regardless of race, color, religion, sex, age, ethnicity, or immigration status) are guaranteed protection from abuse under the law.” -U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services 1. Introduction Almost 2 million individuals were deported between 2009 and 2013 as a consequence of intensified immigration enforcement (Vaughan, 2013). Police testimony, anecdotal reports, and […]

Independent Contractor Status Under the Fair Labor Standards Act

Estimating the Cost Savings The Department estimates that the rule change costs will be $370.9 million in the first year. Savings from the rule change stem from two main sources, savings from increased clarity and reduced litigation costs. Together DOL estimates that the rule change will save $480.8 million every year. The assumptions behind these […]

Transfer of Very Low-Level Waste to Exempt Persons for Disposal

Introduction: US Radioactive Waste There are currently 98 nuclear power plants in the United States. Electricity from those plants constitutes around one-fifth of all electricity produced. The growing demand for zero-carbon energy sources has been driving up interest in nuclear energy in recent years, but there remain some major hurdles to wide-spread nuclear implementation. One […]

Are Government-Owned Broadband Networks Effective?

Introduction On November 2, the citizens of Kaysville, Utah, will decide if the municipality will build a new broadband network, often called a government-owned network (“GON”). Citizens and leaders face a tough choice. Putting an Internet service provider (ISP) under the auspices of a local government doesn’t sidestep the endemic issues of cost faced by […]

Barriers to Portable Benefits Solutions for Gig Economy Workers

Introduction Recent technological changes are impacting not only goods and services, but also labor markets in the United States. We find ourselves on the brink of structural changes in labor markets as the traditional relationship between employee and employer is being disrupted and as the applicability of labor regulations that govern these relationships appears to […]

Critical Habitat’s Unique “Private Land Problem”

Introduction The two principal goals of the Endangered Species Act (ESA) are to protect imperiled species and encourage their recovery. Because habitat loss is the leading cause of species extinction,the statute provides for critical habitat to be designated for listed species. Such designations can encompass any habitat that is “essential for the conservation of the […]

When Does Critical Habitat Designation Benefit Species Recovery?

Introduction Critical habitat under the US Endangered Species Act (ESA) is one of the most controversial aspects of the law, leading to very polarized views about the utility of the tool for conservation and its socioeconomic effects on landowners. On the one hand, proposals to eliminate or severely curtail critical habitat designations usually ignore the […]

The Economic Geography of Beer Regulations

In 1980, there were just 92 beer producers. Today there are 8,386. Researchers have long studied the relationships between regulation and business growth, but less studied are the variations in regulations across states. This working paper uses beer regulations as a case study to understand the complexity of various state regulations.

Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants

On August 4, 2020, the Fish and Wildlife Service and the National Marine Fisheries Service (collectively referred to as the Services) proposed a rule to define “habitat” as used in the Endangered Species Act (ESA) of 1973. Authors Megan Jenkins and Jonathan Wood draw on their expertise and previous research in concluding that the proposed rule is likely to benefit both landowners and endangered species.

Sanctuary Cities and Crime

In this paper, Yuki Otsu examines the effects of sanctuary policies on city-level crime rates. Using crime data from 1999 to 2010, the study examines 42 cities with formal sanctuary policies.

A Contingent Wage Subsidy for V-Shaped Recovery

This essay is part of a symposium on economic recovery after COVID-19. The goal of this symposium is to offer policy solutions that will help the U.S. recover faster and emerge economically stronger than ever.

Guiding Principles for Immigration Policy in a Post-Pandemic World

With the COVID-19 crisis fueling increased calls to create an insular world with fewer immigrants and less trade between countries, we risk both our short-term recovery and long-term economic growth. What should civil society and policymakers do now, or as the medical emergency subsides, to ensure that economies stay open and connected?

Lessons on Immigration During COVID-19

With the COVID-19 crisis fueling increased calls to create an insular world with fewer immigrants and less trade between countries, we risk both our short-term recovery and long-term economic growth. What should civil society and policymakers do now, or as the medical emergency subsides, to ensure that economies stay open and connected?

Immigration is the Ultimate Security

With the COVID-19 crisis fueling increased calls to create an insular world with fewer immigrants and less trade between countries, we risk both our short-term recovery and long-term economic growth. What should civil society and policymakers do now, or as the medical emergency subsides, to ensure that economies stay open and connected?

The Case for Economic Openness in the Time of Coronavirus

With the COVID-19 crisis fueling increased calls to create an insular world with fewer immigrants and less trade between countries, we risk both our short-term recovery and long-term economic growth. What should civil society and policymakers do now, or as the medical emergency subsides, to ensure that economies stay open and connected?

Immigration as a Tool to Boost U.S. Economic Growth and Prosperity

With the COVID-19 crisis fueling increased calls to create an insular world with fewer immigrants and less trade between countries, we risk both our short-term recovery and long-term economic growth. What should civil society and policymakers do now, or as the medical emergency subsides, to ensure that economies stay open and connected?

A Proposal for Immigration Reform

With the COVID-19 crisis fueling increased calls to create an insular world with fewer immigrants and less trade between countries, we risk both our short-term recovery and long-term economic growth. What should civil society and policymakers do now, or as the medical emergency subsides, to ensure that economies stay open and connected?

Students, Skilled Immigration and Our Path to Recovery

With the COVID-19 crisis fueling increased calls to create an insular world with fewer immigrants and less trade between countries, we risk both our short-term recovery and long-term economic growth. What should civil society and policymakers do now, or as the medical emergency subsides, to ensure that economies stay open and connected?